Optimal reinsurance design under solvency constraints

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We consider the optimal risk transfer from an insurance company to a reinsurer. The problem formulation considered in this paper is closely connected to the optimal portfolio problem in finance, with some crucial distinctions. In particular, the insurance company's surplus is here (as is routinely the case) approximated by a Brownian motion, as opposed to the geometric Brownian motion used to model assets in finance. Furthermore, risk exposure is dialled ‘down’ via reinsurance, rather than ‘up’ via risky investments. This leads to interesting qualitative differences in the optimal designs. In this paper, using the martingale method, we derive the optimal design as a function of proportional, non-cheap reinsurance design that maximises the quadratic utility of the terminal value of the insurance surplus. We also consider several realistic constraints on the terminal value: a strict lower boundary, the probability (Value at Risk) constraint, and the expected shortfall (conditional Value at Risk) constraints under the (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) measures, respectively. In all cases, the optimal reinsurance designs boil down to a combination of proportional protection and option-like protection (stop-loss) of the residual proportion with various deductibles. Proportions and deductibles are set such that the initial capital is fully allocated. Comparison of the optimal designs with the optimal portfolios in finance is particularly interesting. Results are illustrated.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Actuarial Journal
Number of pages34
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

    Research areas

  • martingale method, payoff function, quadratic utility, Reinsurance, terminal value constraints

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