The Dirac–Frenkel Principle for Reduced Density Matrices, and the Bogoliubov–de Gennes Equations

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The derivation of effective evolution equations is central to the study of non-stationary quantum many-body systems, and widely used in contexts such as superconductivity, nuclear physics, Bose–Einstein condensation and quantum chemistry. We reformulate the Dirac–Frenkel approximation principle in terms of reduced density matrices and apply it to fermionic and bosonic many-body systems. We obtain the Bogoliubov–de Gennes and Hartree–Fock–Bogoliubov equations, respectively. While we do not prove quantitative error estimates, our formulation does show that the approximation is optimal within the class of quasifree states. Furthermore, we prove well-posedness of the Bogoliubov–de Gennes equations in energy space and discuss conserved quantities.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnales Henri Poincare
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1167–1214
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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